This is a part from the old masters last book (The One-Straw Revolution: A Recapitulation), giving detailed instructions (philosophically and practically) of how to go about turning deserts green.
A. Desert Revegetation According to the Theory of Non-causality
When we take a position of what I call “non-causality” (transcending the world of relativity), there is no question of whether the egg or the chicken came first. The egg and the chicken are one, beginning and ending at the same time, with nothing before or after them. Natural measures for the prevention of desertification are based on deductive reasoning, so when they begin, the conclusion has already appeared. There are no deviations on this path.
By not looking at the desert soil, water, and plants as separate elements, as scientists do. from the beginning we have had the key for lumping all the elements together and resolving them at the same time philosophically.
It is common sense to say that such a key does not exist, but it is not impossible. If we try to throw ourselves into the heart of things with do-nothing, detached minds, therein we will be able to grasp the true cause of causes (the key, the windmill of causality) that embraces all questions.
If we are not tossed about by the superficial causality perceived by man’s micro-vision and grasp the true cause with God’s macro-vision, then we will be able to resolve all things at once.
The no-knowledge, no-action, no-means methods of natural farming can be applied just as they are to revegetating the desert. In other words. if we abandon man’s discriminative, relative knowledge and follow the laws of nature, then everything, natural farming and desert revegetation, will be resolved at the same time. To abandon human knowledge and leave everything to nature is to imitate the dharma. (natural law). It has already been proven by the natural farming method that, if we do so, nature will resurrect itself naturally.
We should consider the present to be a second genesis and breath life into the dead soil, water, and plants of the desert. Of course, the life of nature is not limited solely to biological life. This life, in a broad sense, is the mind of God that is lodged in every thing and every phenomenon. But unfortunately, we can grasp only biological life with our limited human knowledge and action. In compensation for this, I will, of course, sow in the desert the seeds of as many different plants as possible, and if time would allow, of all living things.
In other words, without questioning whether they were good or bad, I would mix together sow the seeds of a wide range of plants — forest trees, fruit trees, vegetables, green manure — as veil as ferns, moss, and lichens. Moreover, I would even include soil microorganisms, fungi, and bacteria. If it were possible, I would like to scatter black jungle soil. Fertile soil is a treasure house of various kinds of seeds and microorganisms, and in extreme deserts is the most economical means.
Of course, it would be good to mix, among the many kinds of plants, ancient plants that grew before desertification (California, India), heat resistant plants (Africa, Thailand), and salt resistant plants (Somalia).
In principle, not only useful plants from around the world should be added. There are also many harmful and poisonous plants that, from a broad perspective, are necessary to prevent desertification. Temporarily we must guard against cows, goats, birds, and mice.
I cover these seeds and microorganisms in clay and sow the seeds in clay pellets. These pellets protect the seeds and maintain the water necessary for germination, but scientifically speaking, the techniques of tilling, fertilizing, and spreading herbicides and pesticides, the minimal necessary conditions for growing crops, are locked inside these small clay pellets.
To summarize the details, there are seeds and microorganisms in the clay, and in order to make the pellets hard, we use time, bittern, glue, and sometimes synthetic resins. To make them resistant to insects I mix in herbs such as derris, Japanese star anise, Japanese andromeda, lacquer tree, Japanese bead tree. and so on.
Then, I broadcast the seeds in the clay pellets and wait for rain. When there is a squall in the tropics, seeds germinate and grow very quickly. If, even temporarily, a large area becomes green, it protects against radiant heat, and the soil temperature drops. We can say that the first step is a success.
We do this resigned to the fact that if a drought follows the rain, a majority of the plants will die. But if, even though most die, the plants among them than can withstand heat or can thrive without water survive, and in the shade of these plants or of the dry grass trees grow up here and there, then even if we leave the place alone after that, green will summon more green, insects will come. birds will come, small animals will come, and they will all scatter seeds. If one tree grows, it will act as a pump to bring up underground water, a sprinkler, and a fan. When various kinds of plants, large and small, grow up, their geometric effect will be greater than you imagined. I was able to confirm this in places like Somalia.
B. Aerial Seeding Using Clay Pellets
Making multi-layered clay seed pellets with bittern for use in desert revegetation
The clay seed pellet was conceived and development for direct seeding of rice, barley, and vegetables, in conjunction with the no-till method, but it has since come into wide use. Particularly in cases where it has been put to use in savannas in foreign countries, the defects became apparent, improvements were made, and it has developed into an especially suitable method for aerial seeding for the purpose of revegetating large areas of desert at one time.
(1) Seeds of over 100 varieties (trees, fruit trees, vegetables, grains, useful fungi). Ten percent of combined weight.
(2) Fine powdered clay such as that used for fired bricks or porcelain. In general this should make up five times the weight of the seeds, but the amount of seeds should be taken into consideration. Fifty percent of the combined weight.
(3) Bittern (liquid remaining after removing salt from brine obtained by boiling and concentrating sea water or from natural brackish water (Dead Sea. etc.]). Ten to fifteen percent of combined weight. With synthetic resin or seaweed paste making up five percent of combined weight.
(4) Slaked time – ten percent of combined weight.
(5) Medicinal herbs: derris (root), powdered fruits and leaves of Japanese star anise, Japanese andromeda, Japanese lacquer tree, Japanese bead tree. Ten percent of combined weight.
(6) Water – five to ten percent of combined weight.
Aerial Seeding Method (Overseas)
The seeds necessary for revegetation of the desert will be mixed in clay pellets and broadcast from airplanes to revegetate large areas at one stroke.
Method of Production
When producing pellets in large quantities, a typical concrete mixer (with inner blades removed) is useful.
(A) Put fungi and seeds into the mixer and mix well to spread the fungi about.
(B) Next alternately spray the clay powder (containing no non-specific bacteria) and water (in mist state) into the mixer as it is rotating, to create a layer enclosing the seeds and fungi. (Middle layer)
(C) Then, when you alternately spray the bittern, the seaweed paste solution, and clay powder, and the slaked time into the mixer as it is rotating, a round seed pellet usually 0.5 – 1.0 cm in diameter will form.
(1) The seeds enclosed in the layers of clay will be able to achieve satisfactory germination and growth with the aid of the useful fungi.
(2) By kneading the clay together with the bittern, seaweed paste, and synthetic sins, its molecules are rearranged, so the pellets become stable, light, and hard. they not only can withstand the fall to earth following aerial seeding, but also just to changes in dampness and dryness related to rainfall, becoming shrunken id solid. Thus. they seldom crumble or break, and the seeds are protected from mage by birds or animals until germination is completed.
(3) Many insects are repelled by the bitterness of the herbs and the bittern mixed into the outer layer, and the seeds can escape being eaten. Even if damage by birds can be prevented by pellets of clay only, on deserts and savannahs it is difficult to prevent damage by mice, goats, and in particular strong insects such as ;d ants. The method described here not only ensures safe germination of seeds in desert areas without the use of toxic substances, but also makes possible discriminate broadcasting of seeds over a wide area.